Thursday, 10 February 2011

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives (REVISION)



One-syllable adjectives.

Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.


One-Syllable Adjective
Comparative Form
Superlative Form
Tall
Old
Short
taller (than)
older
shorter
(the) tallest
(the) oldest
(the) shortest


Examples:

• Mary is taller than Jane.
• Mary is the tallest of all the students.
• Mary is older than Jane.
• Of the three students, Max is the oldest.
• My hair is longer than your hair.
• Max’s story is the longest story I’ve ever heard.

If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.

large     larger      largest
wise       wiser       wisest

• Mary's car is larger than Max's car.
• Mary's house is the tallest of all the houses on the block.
• Max is wiser than his brother.
• Max is the wisest person I know.

If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.
big       bigger     biggest
thin      thinner    thinnest
fat         fatter      fattest

• My dog is bigger than your dog.
• My dog is the biggest of all the dogs in the neighborhood.
• Max is thinner than John.
• Mary is the fattest person I've ever seen.

Two-syllable adjectives. 

If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est.

happy      happier       happiest
angry         angrier      angriest
busy           busier        busiest

• John is happier today than he was yesterday.
• John is the happiest boy in the world.
• Max is angrier than Mary.
• Mary is the busiest person I've ever met.

With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
peaceful      more peaceful      most peaceful
pleasant      more pleasant       most pleasant
careful         more careful         most careful
thoughtful   more thoughtful    most thoughtful

• This morning is more peaceful than yesterday morning.
• Max's house in the mountains is the most peaceful in the world.
• Max is more careful than Mike.
• Of all the taxi drivers, Jack is the most careful.


Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms.
narrow      narrower     narrowest
gentle        gentler        gentlest

• The roads in this town are narrower than the roads in the city.
• This road is the narrowest of all the roads in California.
• Big dogs are gentler than small dogs.
• Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the gentlest.


Adjectives with three or more syllables. 

For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.
generous      more generous      most generous
important      more important     most important
intelligent      more intelligent      most intelligent

• Jean is more generous than Joan.
• Jean is the most generous of all the people I know.
• Health is more important than money.
• Of all the people I know, Mark is the most important.
• Women are more intelligent than men.
• Martha is the most intelligent person I've ever met.

*Exceptions.  Irregular adjectives.

good     better     best
bad      worse     worst
far      farther     farthest
little      less       least
many     more     most

• Italian food is better than American food.
• My dog is the best dog in the world.
• My mother's cooking is worse than your mother's cooking.
• Of all the students in the class, Kevin is the worst.


MORE EXCEPTIONS
Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.

clever      cleverer           cleverest
clever       more clever    most clever
gentle         gentler            gentlest
gentle         more gentle    most gentle
friendly            friendlier       friendliest
friendly       more friendly     most friendly
quiet      quieter               quietest
quiet        more quiet       most quiet
simple         simpler          simplest
simple       more simple    most simple

• Big dogs are gentler than small dogs.
• Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the gentlest.
______________________________________________________________________
Now you PRACTICE


SOURCE > http://www.eflnet.com/tutorials/adjcompsup.php

3 comments:

Diane said...

This is a really useful resource, Dulce. Thank you!

Obdulia Santana said...

Thank you so much!

Obdulia Santana said...

Thank you so much!

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